Conditions in CakePHP RC6

I have already written about defining conditions in RC6, but unfortunately, most of it is no longer valid ;-) So, in this post I will show the current way of defining conditions.

First some examples using the array syntax:

$this->User->findAll(array('User.firstname' => '= Daniel'));
$this->User->findAll(array('User.firstname' => 'LIKE %an%'));
$this->User->findAll(array('User.age' => '> 18'));

When using several conditions in the array, they are combined with an “AND”.

If you do not want for some reason that CakePHP does quote a value automatically, you can use “-!” as shown in the next example. I think you do not have to use “-!” very often, at least I do not see any use cases for it ;-)

$this->User->findAll(array('User.firstname' => "-! 'Daniel'"));

The most flexible way is to use a simple string with your condition(s). In this case you have to single quote the values, as shown in the example:

$this->User->findAll("User.firstname = 'Daniel' OR User.firstname = 'Hugo'");


  1. Nate
    Posted March 2, 2006 at 4:00 pm | Permalink

    A couple technical details:
    When using ‘=’ as a comparison operator, you actually don’t need to include it, as that is the default, so:

    $this->User->findAll(array(‘User.firstname’ => ‘= Daniel’));
    $this->User->findAll(array(‘User.firstname’ => ‘Daniel’));

    Also, you can now use nested arrays for complex conditions, so:
    $this->User->findAll(“User.firstname = ‘Daniel’ OR User.firstname = ‘Hugo'”);
    could be
    $this->User->findAll(array(‘or’ => array(“User.firstname” => ‘Daniel’), array(‘User.firstname = ‘Hugo'”)));

  2. Posted March 2, 2006 at 4:33 pm | Permalink

    Ok now that is more like it. I have been waiting for nesting! Hey Daniel, thanks for this site it is a great little house o’ cake!

    Sam D

  3. Posted March 3, 2006 at 9:11 am | Permalink

    @Nate: Thanks for the further explanations.

    @Sam D: Nice to hear you like it. Thanks :)

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